The most notable factory for processing fruits, vegetables, and meat briefly, was the factory that we remember usually as Fruta. The factory, however, has a very interesting history.

 Typy ochranných známek v běhu času 

One of the efforts MD. Vaclav Pařík was to support economic boom in the Czech capital and economic support of the Czech population. One of the ways they chose was a call for subscription of shares on the establishment of the factory. The call is dated on 20. 4. 1894 and below it signed 52 citizens from both Trebenice and from surrounding villages and towns including several prominent patriots from Prague. The call event was so successful that already on 30. 9. 1894 on the basis of consensual decision Governor's Council Litomerice Mr.Dedek of 1 8th 1894 the foundation stone laying ceremony of the staffage 62 members of the Association of military veterans. It was established a joint stock company with registered capital of 100 thousand Gold and then in 1895 was Trebenice factory bore the proud title ,, Oldest and largest North Bohemian cannery in Northern Bohemia ", officially ,, First Czech joint stock factory for the utilization of crops". The great opening took place 6. 10. 1895. The company in joint basis worked until 1905, when the factory was bought for 170 thousand Gold by Ferdinand Kraupner from Roudnice. He called to his service some experts, the company grew. The compamy was successful and has run succesfully until 1945, when it was nationalized as many others. The staff was 150 employees. In the early '50s was Trebenice company incorporated into trust Severoceska cannery first Velke Brezno, then Krasne Brezno. Similar manufacturing companies were merged under a single management called Fruta a range got narrowed to just jam, marmalade, jam and candied fruit.

Production range almost throughout its existence has been below:
Canned fruit, jam, jam, jam, vegetables and canned meat, spirits, fruit wines, syrups and candied fruit.
Canned meat is produced mainly before 2nd WW, and for the army. From this period are known in many photographs, which are among the employees and the men in military uniforms. Canned meat technology solves the protocol of 18. 3. 1922, the factory premises to take place from 23. 1. 1923 processing 40 to 50 head of cattle per day. Since 1921, the company was allowed to produce and sell spirits, rum and brandy, and etc. To drive the machine was set up in a small factory machinery plant, where it was introduced electric cable also at City Hall. Could therefore be at the opening of the factory hall lighting.

Products in this and other factories have become too important politician, since agitation in contemporary newspapers was directed against the goods second nation living here. Thus, for example. Czech newspaper wrote: 

 ,, Refuse low-quality products of our enemies, who for Czech money Czech minority persecuate and give gifts of tens of thousands to German national council for known purposes of agitation. each year ". 

 In short, just do Czech Czech plum cakes !! The Germans went on to change the command of the German National Council (Deutsche Volksrath für Böhmen) call for a boycott of Czech products.

Just to see - known figure from the years 1907 - 1908 when the season was assessed as moderate, rather worse. Then it was imported 4,000 trucks jam from Serbia, have fallen three large factories competitive in the broader Austria - Hungary. During this period, the factory processed 282 wagons plums, plum 47 wagons for plum brandy, apple 46 wagons and nearly the same number of other fruits. Annually it processed 350 to 450 wagons plums. Products have been used up to 22 wagons of sugar. Transport maintenance of the factory was designed primarily railway siding introduced to a factory yard. Products Kraupner factory gaining many awards at industry exhibitions.

Apricots were not originally main load range, but in the early 20th century. Apricots grow here and in 1913 are mentioned in the raw fruit list processed in the factory. The factory proudly boasted neither artificial sweeteners nor chemicals were used in production basically.

Originally 30 to 45 workers worked in  factory, and later exceeded up to cc 100 to 150 employees, who catered for 13 officers (including the business agents ). The factory had sale stores in more cities, known Vienna, Prague and Roudnice. Before 1st WW the warehouses were in Vienna, Budapest, Lvov, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Prague, Brno, Olomouc, Pilsen and Liberec. Their inventory is also mentioned in the price list of the factory in October 1914 (see photo). On the jubilee exhibition in the Royal exhibition in 1908 in Prague, the company had its own pavilion and there was enabled catering activity. Some more men gained experience in factory : Anthony Vanický and others. It is good to to recall that the factory was succesful during both world wars, as jam and marmalade were delivered to army in large extent.

After communist putsch in 1948 there were many articles about work and production range in the press, eg. In 1961 of Yeast production, company announced a production plan exceeded at 105% in the end of the year. There was established a theater club ZK ROH, who attended the various shows and competitions, eg. Libochovice theater summer with game of writer Drda : " Dalskabáty, hříšná ves ".

There were  even other companies with a similar range in Třebenice functioned until 1948 and it is said, that they were succesful as well. It was a factory "Viden & Rybar", later it was run by Mr. Wünsch and Mr. Rybar (behind the rail station ), Mr. Antonin Vanicky distillery and OFT - Obst Fabrik Tepla > Otto Frass Obst factory in nearby village Tepla. So called "Frasovna". The factory was closed in 1945 after the suicide of Otto Frass and has put to control to the national administration, later closed completely., Wünsch & Rybar "Rybarovna" was also incorporated to the Fruta, but its production was closed before Kraupner factory. Kraupner factory was in operation despite subdued until the Velvet Revolution in 1989 and after the restitution the property was returned to the descendants of Kraupner family. Fruta drove out all the machinery and the buildings today only remain out of operation. When you walk around, just remember it was the largest fruit processing factory in Czech republic.

After 1989, with the participation of the city Třebenice there was a council with an interest in the restoration of the factory, which would start up the local fruit-growing production again. It was created industrial zone where new factory could built up. Unfortunately, the fruit-grow situation has changed on the market. There was no brave investor who would compete to cheap foreign import. Tradition is kept only in local households which process their crops.

Josef Otradovec
Photo Gallery  "History of fruit processing in Trebenice " 

Other historical article  Na čedičovém úpatí košťálovském dařilo se odedávna

 

 

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